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《Acta Agriculturae Universitatis Jiangxiensis》 2017-01
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Differences in Plant Temperature of Different Early-season indica Varieties and Its Relationship with Grain Yield and Heat Tolerance

LIAO Ping;PENG Chun-hua;LIU Xue-zhu;HUANG Shan;ZENG Yong-jun;PAN Xiao-hua;Collaborative Innovation Center for the Modernization Production of Double Cropping Rice,Jiangxi Agricultural University/Key Laboratory of Crop Physiology,Ecology and Genetic Breeding,Ministry of Education/Jiangxi Key Laboratory of Crop Physiology,Ecology and Genetic Breeding;Wannian Extention Center for Agricultural Technology;  
Using four early-season indica rice cultivars as materials( Ganxin 203,Zhongzao 35,Rongyou9 and Wuyou 156),this study investigated the difference in plant temperature and its relationship with grain yield and heat tolerance. The results showed that the panicle temperature of all the cultivars was higher than leaf temperature.The dynamics of air and plant temperature were similar under natural temperature( NT) or high temperature( HT) treatment. HT significantly reduced grain yield,the number of spikelets per panicle,1000-grain weight and grain filling compared with NT. But HT increased the above-ground biomass and the number of panicles compared with NT. Correlation analyses showed that under NT treatment,the difference between air and leaf temperature was significantly positively correlated with grain filling( P = 0.023),but was negatively correlated with the index of heat sensitivity with no statistical significance. Under HT treatment,the difference between air and leaf temperature was marginally significantly positively correlated with grain filling( P = 0. 175),and showed a marginal significant negative correlation with the index of heat sensitivity( P = 0.120).Therefore,these results showed that the difference between air and leaf temperature could,to some extent,reflect the heat tolerance of early-season indica varieties.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(31260301);; 江西省“555”领军人才项目~~
【CateGory Index】: S511.21
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