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《Acta Agriculturae Universitatis Jiangxiensis》 2017-01
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Effects of Ethylene on Carbohydrate Metabolism and Enzyme Activities in Postharvest Ripening Jackfruit

WANG Jun-ning;MA Jing;FENG Feng;YANG Zhuan-ying;YE Chun-hai;Agricultural College of Guangdong Ocean University;  
The effects of ethephon and 1-MCP( 1-Methylcyclopropene) on carbohydrate metabolism and activities of the related enzymes were studied in the fruit of ‘Haida 2'Jackfruit during the ripening period were studied.The results showed that the soluble sugars( mainly sucrose) content increased with the decrease of the starch content in the fruit ripening process.A single peak of the total amylase and SPS activity of jackfruit was observed during storage.Correlation analysis showed that the decrease of soluble sugar content had a significantly negative correlation with the increase of starch content,and a significantly positive correlation with SPS activity.The change of starch content had no significant correlation with the total amylase activity.Ethephon significantly increased the activity of total amylase and SPS( P 0. 01),and shifted the peak of amylase and SPS activity 2 and 4 days earlier,respectively.1-MCP significantly slowed the degradation of starch but also delayed the accumulation of soluble sugars.1-MCP treatment reduced the early total amylase enzyme and SPS activity,and delayed the time of its activity peak for 8 days,but significantly increased the total amylase activity peak( P0.01),and had no significant effect on the SPS activity peak.Ethephon and 1-MCP treatment significantly increased the fructose and glucose levels,but had no significant effect on the sucrose and total soluble sugar content in the ripe fruit.It is suggested that starch and sucrose may be a key in carbohydrate metabolism of jackfruit,and ethylene has an important effect on carbohydrate metabolism,total amylase and sucrose phosphate synthase activities in the postharvest maturity of jackfruit fruit.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金青年科学基金(31401928);; 广东省自然科学基金博士启动项目(S2013040011544);; 广东海洋大学引进人才科研启动项目(1312130);广东海洋大学大学生创新项目(CXXL2014068)~~
【CateGory Index】: S667.8
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