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《Acta Agriculturae Universitatis Jiangxiensis》 2017-01
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Analysis of Flora Characteristics and Cold Tolerance of Garden Plants in Yong'an City

YE Bao-jian;SU Chun-lian;DONG Jian-wen;NI Bi-yong;CHEN Hui;CHEN Shi-pin;Forestry College of Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University;Forestry Bureau of Yanping District,Nanping City;Landscape College of Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University;Fuzhou Botanical Garden;  
The species composition of the garden plants in Yong'an City,was analyzed and using the existing data,the optimum composition of garden plants was obtained. The results indicated:( 1) a total of 178 species of garden plants were recorded which belong to 125 genera and 63 families including 3 species in 3genera and 3 families of ferns,17 species in 12 genera and 7 families of gymnosperm,111 species in 75 genera and 45 families of dicotyledon,and 47 species in 32 genera and 8 families of monocotyledon;( 2) a relatively large number of single-species-single-family garden plants were found in Yong'an Park; the frequently used families are Lilyaceae,Palmaceae,Rosaceae,Magnoliaceae,Theaceae,Oleaceae;( 3) South Mountain Park had the largest number of species,amounting to 129 species in 95 genera and 52 families,followed by Guishan Park and Riverside Park had the smallest number;( 4) tropical components were the main distribution types,the R /T value was 1.56 while the types endemic to China were relatively less;( 5) cold damage survey showed that Yong'An garden plants had a cold damage rate of 37.08% and a severe cold damage rate of 14.61%; Nanshan Park had the highest severe cold damage rate of 17. 05%;( 6) the properties of the species with severe cold damage suggested that the exotic evergreen tropical species were easier to be attacked by cold stress and this fact would be helpful to the selection of garden species.The study discovered that the proportions of native species,colorful species,vine species,endemic species were small,ability of cold tolerance needed enhancement.Some measures are suggested for the optimization of the garden species composition in Yong'an City.
【Fund】: 国家林业公益性行业科研专项(201404315);; 福建省自然科学基金(2012J01074)~~
【CateGory Index】: S688
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