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《科学通报(英文版)》 2003-01
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Fuzzy cluster analysis of the provenance of ancient Yaozhou porcelain body

LI Guoxia1, ZHAO Weijuan1, LI Rongwu2, XIE Jianzhong1, FENG Songlin3, FAN Dongyu3, ZHANG Ying3, CAI Zhifang3, ZHUO Zhenxi4 & GAO Zhengyao1 1. Faculty of Physical Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China; 2. Department of Physics, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China; 3. High Energy Physics Institute, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China; 4. Archaeology Research Institute, Shanxi Province, Xian 710000, China Correspondence should be addressed to Li Guoxia (e-mail: Liguoxia@ zzu.edu.cn)  
The technique of neutron activation analysis (NAA) has been employed to measure the content of 29 kinds of elements in the sample of Yaozhou porcelain bodies. Then a fuzzy cluster analysis has been conducted to the NAA data and a diagram of the dynamic fuzzy cluster analysis has been achieved. The results indicate that the batch of ancient Yaozhou porcelain bodies, which were of different overglaze color and were produced by different kilns during a period of over 800 years from the Tang Dynasty (618—907 A.D.) to the Yuan Dynasty (1271—1368 A.D.), has shared a stable and concentrated raw material source. Provenances of por-celain bodies from different times, though having their spe-cific independence, enjoy a close relationship and are not far from one another. Provenances of porcelain bodies made during the Tang Dynasty and the Five Dynasties (907—960 A.D.) are found to be closer to one another, while those of the Song (960—1279 A.D.) and the Jin Dynasty (1115—1234 A.D.) are comparatively concentrated in certain areas and are dif-ferent from those of the Tang Dynasty. Both the tri-colored glazed pottery made in Yaozhou kilns during the Tang Dy-nasty and the Yaozhou porcelain bodies of the Tang period are from the same provenance.
【Fund】: The work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 59872032;; 10175053 and 10205013);; the Open Laboratory of Neuclear Analysis Technology of the Chinese Science Academy of Sciences (Grant No. 99B006).
【CateGory Index】: K875
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