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《科学通报(英文版)》 2003-01
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Matrix-bound phosphine: A new form of phosphorus found in sediment of Jiaozhou Bay

YU Zhiming & SONG Xiuxian Key Laboratory of Marine Ecology & Environmental Sciences, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China (e-mail: zyu@ms.qdio.ac.cn) Correspondence should be addressed to Yu Zhiming (e-mail: zyu@ ms.qdio.ac.cn)  
Matrix-bound phosphine (PH3), a new form of phosphorus, was found in sediment of Jiaozhou Bay in De-cember 2001. Concentration and distribution of PH3 in dif-ferent layers of sediment with different stations were ana-lyzed. The results show that PH3 concentrations are various with different layers and different stations. PH3 concentra-tions in the bottom layer of sediment (20—30 cm) are usually higher than those in the surface layer (0—4 cm). The highest PH3 concentration in our investigation reaches 685 ng/kg (dry), which is much higher than those in terrestrial paddy soil, marsh and landfill that have been reported up to now. The correlation analysis indicates that there is no apparent correlation between the concentrations of PH3 and inorganic phosphorus in sediment. However, the correlation between the concentrations of phosphine and organic phosphorus in the bottom layer of sediment is remarkable (R2=0.83). It is considered that PH3 in sediment of Jiaozhou Bay is mainly produced from the decomposition of organic phosphorus in the anaerobic condition, and so PH3 concentrations are re-lated to organic phosphorus concentration and anaerobic environment in sediment. The discovery of PH3 in sediment will give people some new ideas on the mechanisms of phos-phorus supplement and biogeochemical cycle in Jiaozhou Bay.
【Fund】: This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 40025614 and 20177024) and the National 973 Key Basic Re-search Project (Grant No. 2001CB409710).
【CateGory Index】: P595
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