Regulation of mouse blastocyst adhesion, outgrowth and matrix metalloproteinase-2 by focal adhesion kinase
TIE Guodong1,2, TIAN Yongqiang1,2, CHEN Shuyi1, CAO Yujing1, LIU Zelong1, DUAN Enkui1 & ZHAO Xingxu2 1. State Key Lab of Reproductive Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China; 2. Department of Veterinary Medicine, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070, China Correspondence should be addressed to Duan Enkui (e-mail: duane@ panda.ioz.ac.cn)
The interaction of extracellular matrix-integrin markedly influences the adhesion, outgrowth, differentiation and expression of serine proteinases by the blastocyst, so it is regarded as a vital factor in blastocyst implantation. Al- though the mechanism of extracellular interactions between extracellular matrix and integrins has been well elucidated, the roles of the signaling molecules in the extracellular ma- trix-integrin signal transduction pathway in blastocyst im- plantation are unknown. This limits the understanding of blastocyst implantation and ECM-integrin signal transduc- tion pathway. In the present study, in vitro blastocyst culture and indirect immunocytochemistry, matrix metallopro- teinases (MMPs) zymography and antisense oligodeoxynu- cleotide (ODN) were used to investigate the expression of a fundamental molecule of integrin-dependent signal trans- duction pathways, focal adhesion kinase (FAK), in mouse blastocysts and its influence on mouse blastocyst adhesion, outgrowth and MMP-2. The results showed that mouse blas- tocysts expressed FAK. FAK protein was clustered in the peripheral migrating trophoblast cells and dispersed in the central area of blastocyst outgrowth. Fibronectin triggered pro-MMP-2 and 64 kD MMP-2 activities. The antisense ODN to FAK attenuated pro-MMP-2 and 64 kD MMP-2 activities which decreased abruptly and tended to disappear with increasing concentrations of the antisense ODN. Both mouse blastocyst adhesion and outgrowth on fibronectin were also influenced by the antisense ODN. Up to 20 mg/mL of the antisense ODN concentration, the adhesion and out- growth rates were decreased in a dose-dependent manner. The results indicated that FAK influenced mouse blastocyst adhesion, outgrowth and MMP-2 activity by intracellular signal transduction. In other words, FAK regulates mouse implantation in terms of blastocyst adhesive and invasive abilities.
【Fund】： the ne-Hundred Scientists?Project (Grant No. A2998044);; the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. A1102004) and the State Key Lab of Reproductive Biology
【CateGory Index】： Q555.7
【CateGory Index】： Q555.7