Obtaining transgenic rice resistant to rice fungal blast disease by controlled cell death strategy
MAO Shengji, GU Hongya, QU Lijia & CHEN Zhangliang National Key Laboratory of Protein Engineering and Plant Genetic En-gineering, College of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China Correspondence should be addressed to Qu Lijia (e-mail: qulj@plum. lsc.pku.edu.cn)
The strategy of the two-component system, composed of Barnase and Barstar which encode RNase and a specific inhibitor to the RNase respectively, is adopted to obtain transgenic rice resistant to rice fungal blast disease. In this study, two chimeric promoters, induced by rice blast fungus pathogen (Magnaporthe grisea), are fused with Barnase respectively to construct two plant expression vec-tors, pWBNBS and pPBNBS together with the Barstar driven by CaMV 35S promoter. The resistance of the transgenic rice lines to rice blast fungus disease and rice blight disease are evaluated. The results show that (1) the expression of Barnase is induced in rice leaves when inoculated with the spores of Magnaporthe grisea; (2) the induced expression level of Barnase surpasses the level of Barstar, which elicits a similar hypersensitive response (HR) in the leaves, and the transgenic plant shows high resistance to the rice fungal blast disease; and (3) transgenic rice plants also show obvious re-sistance to rice bacterial blight disease. Taken together, these results suggest that the transgenic rice plants harboring this two-component system acquire relatively broad spectrum resistance against pathogens, especially high resistance to rice fungal pathogen.
【CateGory Index】： S435.11