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《Acta Academiae Medicinae Jiangxi》 2001-01
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Etiological Analysis of 172 Cases of Mental Retardation

LI Wei-jun (Department of Pediatrics, Jiangxi Medical College, Nanchang 330006, China)  
Objective:To investigate the cause of mental retardation (MR) and its preventive and therapeutic measures. Methods: One hundred and seventy-two children with mental retardation were divided into 2 groups according to age, the younger group being 4 m~3 yrs and the elder group 4~14 yrs old. And 172 healthy children were selected for matched survey from outpatients of child healthy clinic, and the cause of disease was analyzed also. Results: (1) More patients with severe MR were found in the younger group, but more patients of mild MR were found in the older group; (2) Asphyxia neonatorum, premature birth and intracranial infection were important factors causing MR; (3) The development of children`s intelligence was closely related with economic condition and cultural level of urban and rural areas. Conclusion: To decrease the occurrence of MR, good service of antenatal care, during delivery and postnatal breeding should be done.
【CateGory Index】: R195.4
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