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《Journal of Nanchang University(Medical Science)》 2012-08
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Current Status of Senile Cataract in Nanchang and Its Influencing Factors

LOU Shanga,YUAN Zhao-kangb,LUO Fangc(a.2007 Grade of Medical Department of Graduate School; b.Department of Health Statistics of Public Health School;c.Periodical Agency, Nanchang University,Nanchang 330006,China)  
Objective To investigate the incidence of senile cataract and the prevalence of blindness and low vision in the population aged 50 years and older in Nanchang,and to analyze the risk factors for senile cataract.Methods According to chinese current standards of cataract epidemiology and WHO standards of blindness and low vision,a survey was conducted to investigate the incidence of senile cataract and the prevalence of blindness and low vision among Nanchang residents who were examined in the second people's hospital of Jiangxi province between October 2010 and October 2011.The risk factors were analyzed using univariate logistic regression. Results A total of 1 484 residents were surveyed,including 1 003 men(67.59%) and 481 women(32.41%). The total prevalence of senile cataract was 18.33%(272 residents) and the prevalence of monocular cataract was 5.74%.The incidence of low vision and blindness was 18.01% and 3.68%,respectively.The age,gender,smoking,high blood pressure and diabetes were the risk factors for senile cataract.Conclusion Cataract is the leading cause of blindness among the elderly and the outcome is due to a variety of factors.The incidence of senile cataract is high and the prevalence of blindness is low in the population aged 50 years and older in Nanchang.
【CateGory Index】: R776.1
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