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《Chinese Science Bulletin》 2015-01
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Numerical taxonomy in melissopalynology: A case study in the central region of Shanxi, China

SONG XiaoYan;YAO YiFeng;College of Agronomy, Shanxi Agricultural University;State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences;  
Melissopalynology is an important branch of palynology that deals with the pollen in honey. In the present study, 19 honey samples from the central region of Shanxi and 61 pollen types from those honeys were selected as operational taxonomic units and unit characters, respectively. Hierarchical(Q-type) cluster analysis and principal component analysis were conducted on the samples to create a numerical taxonomy. The two analyses divided the 19 samples into 8 and 5 categories, respectively. The results showed that(i) numerical taxonomy is feasible for the melissopalynological classification of honey samples, and the taxonomical results are easy to understand.(ii) More attention should be paid to the threshold value(λ) when using cluster analysis. Different λ values may yield different taxonomical results. Therefore, the λ value should be based on the actual situation so that very similar samples will be categorized together and dissimilar samples will be distinguished from one another.(iii) Finally, both the numerical taxonomy and melissopalynological analyses emphasize the frequencies of dominant pollen types, so their taxonomical results are similar. Numerical taxonomy also considers the frequencies of non-dominant pollen types, so the taxonomical results may differ from those of melissopalynological analysis.
【Fund】: 山西省青年科技研究基金(2010021032-2);; 山西省农业科技攻关项目(20140311005-5)资助
【CateGory Index】: S896.1
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