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《Chinese Science Bulletin》 2015-01
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Multidecadal variability of dry/wet patterns in eastern China and their relationship with the Pacific Decadal Oscillation in the last 413 years

PEI Lin;YAN ZhongWei;YANG Hui;Key Laboratory of Regional Climate-Environment in East Asia, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences;International Center for Climate and Environment Sciences, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences;  
We analyzed dryness/wetness indices at 55 sites across eastern China(east of 105°E) for the period AD 1600–2012 using the Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition(EEMD) method to investigate decadal-to-centennial timescale variations of dry/wet patterns in this region and their relationship with the Pacific Decadal Oscillation(PDO). Empirical Orthogonal Function(EOF) analysis shows that the most important regional dry/wet pattern is a monopole(consistently dry or wet throughout eastern China), with a center of variability in northern China. The southern-flood-northern-drought(SFND) pattern represents a secondary type of variability for the historical period; however, this tended to intensify and has become the dominant pattern over the 20 th century. Multidecadal SFND events, such as that prevailing from the late 1970 s to the early 21 st century, have rarely occurred during the last 413 years. Multi-decadal dry/wet variations in northern China exhibit positive correlation with an ensemble mean PDO index of various reconstructed indices throughout this historical period.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(2012CB956200);; 中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA05090000);; 公益性行业(气象)科研专项(GYHY201306026)资助
【CateGory Index】: P426.616;P461.2
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