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《Studies in Science of Science》 2013-10
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Pattern and dynamics of science-based innovation: re-analysis of the cases of penicillin and transistor

LIN Bao;LEI Jia-su;School of Economics and Management,Tshinghua University;  
Science is not just the enquiry of knowledge;it can also produce new technology.This type of innovations,namely,science-based innovations,usually happen in the frontiers of science,related to generations of new industries.Researchers,however,haven't paid adequate attention to the understanding of this type of innovations.By re-analysis of two famous cases,namely the case of penicillin and the case of transistor,this article tries to shed some light in the pattern and dynamics of science-based innovations.Science-based innovation shows a linear pattern,driven by scientific discoveries,relying on the interactions of science and technology.These two cases also show that in some industries innovations keep being related to scientific discoveries,while in other industries innovations can shift from science-based to technology-based.The implications for theories and policies of these findings are discussed in this article too.
【Fund】: 国家社科基金重点项目(12AZD061)
【CateGory Index】: G301
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