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《Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology》 2006-07
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ABR evaluation of children with cheilopalatognathus

CHEN Qian ZHONG Jianwen HUANG Zhenyun LUO Renzhong(Department of Otolaryngology,Guangzhou Children′s Hospital,Guangzhou,510120,China)  
Objective:To study the charicteristics of hearing loss in children with cheilopalatognathus.Method:Sixtyeight children(136 ears) with cleft palate and 70 children(140 ears) with cleft lip were tested with ABR.They were divided into three groups according to the age(6 months,6-12 months,13-24 months).Other 80 age-matched healthy children were enrolled in the control group.The ABR results were compared between the three groups and the control group.Result:Hearing loss was found in 91.9% of children with cleft palate and in 89.3% with cheilopalatognathus,the majority of which was moderate or severe.When comparing to the control group,the latency values of waves(Ⅰ,Ⅲ) andⅤ were prolonged and the threshold of wave Ⅴ was elevated.No significant difference of the transmission time between wave Ⅰ and waveⅤ was found between the children under one year old with cleft palate or cheilopalatognathus and the children in the control group With aging,the inducing rate of threshold in children with cleft palate and the inducing rate of waves Ⅰ,Ⅲ andⅤin children with cheilopalatognathus were elevated.Conclusion:The majority of children with cheilopalatognathus has hearing loss.Because the central nervous system of infants is at the developing stage,a continuously evalution of hearing is needed.
【CateGory Index】: R782;R764
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