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Observation of 104 dental implants in diabetic patients 5 years follow-up

Xie Bang-jie;LIU Cheng-long;LU Xue-wen;Ding Yu-mei;Department of Stomatology,Armed Police Corps Hospital of Henan;Department of Stomatology,Union Hospital,Tongji Medical Colloge,Huazhong University of Science and Technology;  
Objective: To observe the 5-years effect of diabetic patients after dental implant restoration and analyze the relationship with glycemia control. Methods: One hundred and four dental implants were collected from diabetic patients.Nobel replace implant system was selected. The crown was made with German Cercon Zirconia system. During 5 years followup,the patients were divided into 2 groups according to the glycemia control. The glycemia of group1 patients were well controlled,including 64 dental implants. The glycemia of group 2 patients were not well controlled,including 40 dental implants.The dental implants were observed about peri-implantitis,bone resorption and so on. Results: In group 1,no bone resorption and peri-implantitis was found. In group 2,among 40 dental implants,5 cases existed bone resorption and 7 cases occured peri-implantitis,the prevalence rates 12. 5% and 17. 5%,respectively. There was significant difference between the two groups( P 0. 05). Conclusion: Dental implantation in diabetic patients could show favourable long-term treatment effect if the patient with well controlled glycemia.
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