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《The Journal of Clinical Anesthesiology》 2013-01
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Application of tramadol and propofol combined with sacral block in children undergoing surgery

LI Hong-xi,LU Zhi-wei,WU Yue-kun,YANG Shao-hua,LIN Yu-shuang.Department of Anesthesiology, Zhangzhou Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Zhangzhou 363000, China  
Objective To observe the efficacy and safety of tramadol and propofol combined with sacral block in children undergoing surgery. Methods Ninety children were randomized into three groups. Children in group Ⅰ received tramadol propofol combined with sacral block anesthesia, group Ⅱ received ketamine propofol combined with sacral block anesthesia and in group Ⅲ patients received propofol combined with sacral block anesthesia. MAP,HR,RR and SpO2 were recorded before anesthesia (T1 ), start the operation(T2 ),5 min after the operation (T3 )and after operation (T4 ). The incidence when SpO2 was less than 95% during anesthesia and surgical operation were calculated. The recovery time and agitation during recovery were observed. Results MAP, HR and RR were significantly higher in group Ⅱ than those in groups Ⅰ and Ⅲ at T3( P 0.05). The recovery time was longer in groups Ⅱ and Ⅲ than that in group Ⅰ.The incidence of agitation was more in group Ⅱ than that in groups Ⅰ and Ⅲ( P 0.01); In group Ⅲ, the incidence when SpO2 less than 95% was more than that in groups Ⅰ and Ⅱ( P 0.01). Conclusion Tramadol propofol combined with sacral block can be used as a safe anesthetic in surgery of children
【CateGory Index】: R726.1
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【Co-citations】
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【Secondary Citations】
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1 DAI Ze-Ping, CHENG Yong-Quang, LU Wei-Hua, JIN Xiao-Ju, ZHANG He Department of Anesthesiology, Yijishan Hospital, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu 241001, Anhui;Effect of continuous epidural analgesia of tramadol on postoperative gastrointestinal function and serum motilin level[J];Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics;2003-01
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