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The Key Variable Affecting the High Sex Ratio at Birth in China: Lower Social Status of Women:

ZHUANG Yu-xiathe Population Institute of Xiamen University,Xiamen 361005  
At Present,the leading arguments on the causes of high sex ratio at birth are the relation between the gender of new born child in birth order and the gender of next child,family planning policy and the familiar of reporting the girl babies both technically or purposely.After the refutation of these three traditional views,this paper analyses respectively the biological,the birth policy,the medical technology,gender preference and deduces the conclusion that the most important cause of high sex ratio at birth,is the woman's low social status.With this viewpoint,the paper tries to construct a new framework consisting of women's social status,son preference and sex ratio at birth in the analysis of high sex ratio at birth.
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