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A Verification of China's Population Statistic Data in 1950s-1960s

LI Ruo-jian;Population Institute,and Sociology Department of SYSU;  
There are fierce controversies on how many people were died from China's great famine in 1959-1961.One of the main causes for the controversies is the defected historical population data by China's Statistics Bureau in 1983.The author pointed out that the data published by China's Statistics bureau in 1983 is the yearly data during the great famine collected by China's Public security departments.The author constructed the survival rates of the populations by age groups from 1953-1964 based on the public security ministry's large scale survey statistic data of the population size and the death population by age groups in 1957.Finally,the population sizes and survival rates by age groups leads to a calculation of the expected population in 1964.The comparison of the calculated population size with the actual population data from 1964 census once again confirmed there were large scale population loss caused by the great famine in 1959-1961 in China.
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