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CHARACTERIZATION OF MELT-SPUN Nd-Fe-B MAGNETS PREPARED BY EXPLOSIVE COMPACTION

ZHANG Wa-li,LIU Wei,AO Qi,WANG Xin-jian,WU Jian-sheng(Key Laboratory of State Education Ministry for High Temperature Materials and Testing,Shanghai Jiao Tong University,Shanghai 200030,China)  
Explosive compaction processing is applied to prepare Nd-Fe-B magnets with melt-spun powders.It is found that shock consolidation processing could result in the magnetic properties,compressed strength and density of Nd-Fe-B bulk better than that of the conventional resin-bonded magnet.Scanning electron microscope(SEM) observation shows the melted areas and a mass of the micro-cracks in the close-packed particles resulted from the shock wave.The small Nd_2Fe_(14)B grains less than 100 nm are revealed using the field emission scanning electron microscope(FE-SEM).The corresponding magnetic structure consisting of the very fine magnetic domains is also revealed with magnetic force microscopy(MFM).The results indicate that not only the microstructure but also the magnetic domain structure of the original powder are kept after explosive compaction.Although there are many micro-cracks in particles,the excellent magnetic properties are still obtained because the magnetic domain structure is so fine that seems not to be affected by the micro-cracks.
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