Confucius on Guan Zhong's Benevolence and the Idea of Loyalty and Integrity
In view of the fact that Guan Zhong did not die for the death of the prince Jiu, and became the prime minister of Duke Huan of Qi, who was prince Jiu's political opponent, Zilu and Zigong asked Confucius if Guanzhong was benevolent.Confucius believed that Guan Zhong was benevolent because he helped Duke Huan correct the order, and did not stick to the standard of petty loyalty and integrity. Therefore, Confucius advocated the "great loyalty" rather than the "petty loyalty". The foothold and focus that Confucius evaluated Guan Zhong was the unity of the nation, the harmony of the world, and the preservation and continuation of Chinese civilization. In the view of Confucius, as long as one contributed to Chinese civilization and was loyal to the people, the great righteousness and faith would be achieved.
【CateGory Index】： B222.1