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《Journal of Mudanjiang University》 2018-09
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A Comparative Study on the English Abstract of Academic Papers in Domestic Journals--Take Natural Sciences and Humanities and Social Sciences as Examples

ZHAO Jiao-yan;LI Bai-qing;School of Foreign Languages, Central South University;  
There are respectively 150 English abstracts of academic papers of both natural sciences and humanities and social sciences collected in recent years, with the number reaching totally 300 articles. SPSS 17.0 was used to conduct comparative statistical analysis on the characteristics of its structure and microcosmic language to find out the similarities and differences between the English abstracts of two types of academic papers. It turns out that there are differences in the use of the abstract structure. According to the classification of abstracts by Swales Freak, the abstracts of natural sciences journals are mostly result driven, while the humanities and social sciences belong to the overview of research papers. In terms of micro-linguistic characteristics, first of all, there is a diversity in length and size of both disciplines. Secondly, the use of the short sentences is different. In addition, in the use of modal verbs and tenses show consistent trends, the present tense is generally applied, and the active voice is more used. This study has some guiding significance for academic writing and teaching.
【CateGory Index】: H315
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