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《Coal Science and Technology》 2017-01
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One-dimensional vertical infiltration of alternative soil covered on Yellow River sediment layer in filling reclamation

Shao Fang;Hu Zhenqi;Li Xingyu;Chen Chao;Institute of Land Reclamation and Ecological Restoration,China University of Mining and Technology(Beijing);  
Due to less of covered soil afer filling subsided land with Yellow River sediment layer,alternative soils,which was mixed by topsoil,subsoil and Yellow River sediment,was proposed to solve this problem.In this study,one-dimensional vertical infiltration of alternative soils was researched.The results showed that initial and stable infiltrative rate of alternative soils both increased with sediment content in alternative soils,ranging from 0.461 5 to 4.166 7 cm/min,0.032 9 to 0.327 3 cm/min,respectively.The relationship between initial and stable infiltrative rate and sediment content had dramatic positive correlation and extremely positive correlation,respectively.The cumulative infiltration and wetting front depth also increased with sediment contents,under the same infiltration time,moisture could enter soil rapidly,which was conducive to decrease surface runoff.In addition,the Kostiakov model used to fit the relationship of infiltration and time,and it got a very well result.The alternative soils with ratio of topsoil,subsoil and sediment were 1∶1∶0.86,1∶1∶1.33,1∶1∶2,their texture were loam,the infiltration effect was better or approach cultivated land,and water holding capacity was good.With principle of the more covered soil the better,we recommended that 1∶1∶2 was the suitable ratio of topsoil,subsoil and sediment of alternative soil,and it could be used as alternative materials to cover on Yellow River sediment layer in mining subsided land filling and reclamation.
【Fund】: “十二五”国家科技支撑计划资助项目(2012BAC04B03)
【CateGory Index】: TD88
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