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《Journal of Nanjing Institute of Meteorology》 2002-01
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Relationship between Vertical Shear of Zonal Wind in Equatorial Lower Stratosphere and ENSO Variability

PANG Xin,WU Hong-bao(Department of Atmospheric Sciences.NIM,Nanjing 210044,China)  
Based on the NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis dataset, analysed is the relationship between vertical shear of zonal wind in equatorial lower stratosphere and ENSO variability. It's found that vertical shear of zonal wind in equatorial lower stratosphere bears the features of QBO. The vertical zonal wind shear is opposite to southern oscillation index (SOI) in phase and is in agreement with the SSTA in Nino3 area in phase. During the westerly (easterly) shear phase in equatorial lower stratosphere, the distributions of OLR,1 000 hPa and 200 hPa height fields, 200 hPa and 850 hPa temperature fields are similar to that in El Nino (La Nina) episode.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目G1998040901-3
【CateGory Index】: P432.2
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