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《Journal of Nanjing Institute of Meteorology》 2004-06
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The Air Flow and the Large-Hail Generation Area in Hailstorms

ZHU Jun-jian~1,ZHENG Guo-guang~2,WANG Ling~3,FANG Wen~2,DIAO Xiu-guang~4(1.Shandong Province Meteorological Institute,Jinan250031,China;2.China Meteorological Administration,Beijing100081,China;3.Beijing Meteorological Observatory,Beijing100089,China;4.Shandong Meteorological Observatory,Jinan250031,China)  
Based on a series of WSR-98D(CINRAD/SA) volume scan data every 6min,the structure of 3 hailstorms is analysed.Each storm had a mesocyclone,wherein the flow converged cyclonically at the low level,rotated cyclonically at the middle-low level,diverged cyclonically at the middle-up level,and diverged at the up level.On the right back of the mesocyclone there was an accompanying anticyclone at the middle-up level.Cyclone and anticyclone forms a "8" pattern flow and a "S" shape intense refractivity area.The "S" area at the middle-up level helps form a "cave channel".In the two turnings of the "S",the horizontal velocity is weaker,the "cave channel" forms more frequent and is the large-hail spawn region.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(40275001);; 山东省气象局科技创新项目"山东多普勒天气雷达业务工作平台研究开发"
【CateGory Index】: P426.64
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