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《Research of Agricultural Modernization》 2005-01
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A New Theory on Accounting of Modern Agricultural Productivity

ZHU Wanbin~1,CHANG Xin~2,CHENG Xu~2(1.China Branch of the World Sustainable Agriculture Research Center,Beijing100094,China;2.College of Agronomy and Biotechnology,China Agricultural University,Beijing100094,China)  
What is included in the concept of agricultural productivity and how to accounting it are very critical to the evaluation of an agroecosystem, which decides the fatal of a agricultural producing process. In the past 100 years, the attributes and the characteristics have been changed greatly, especially the direct cost has expended into natural capital, and the effects in the environment have come to an important factor which threat the global sustainable development. While the prevalent concepts and accounting methods have not included these new attributes, leading to an incomplete evaluation on agroecosystems, which encourages the impropriate producing processes decrease the actual productivity, and damage the sustainability. The prevalent concepts and accounting methods are summarized and sorted in this article and a new one is bring out, whose formulation is set up based on the concepts of emergy and exergy.
【Fund】: 973项目"草地与农牧交错带生态系统重建机理及优化生态—生产范式"(项目编号G2000018606)。
【CateGory Index】: F302.5
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