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《Research of Agricultural Modernization》 2006-01
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Quantitative Study of Ecological Sustainable Development in Hainan Ecological Province——Application of Ecological Footprint Method

FU Guo-ji1,2(1.Graduate School,China University of Geosciences,Wuhan,Hubei 430074, China;2.Tourism College,Hainan University,Haikou,Hainan 570228,China)  
The ecological footprint method is used to calculate and analyze the ecological footprints of Hainan Ecological Province from 1999 to 2003 based on the existing data of Hainan Province Statistical Yearbooks(2000-2004).The result shows that the per capita ecological deficit of Hainan is from 0.366 hm2 in 1999 to 1.2206 hm2 in 2003.It increased 0.8546 hm2 and 233.5% in the 5 years with an increase in the trend year by year.The ecosystems of the sea,pasture and fossil energy land support the huge pressure.The increasing of the population and the purchase power is the most important reason.The more outstanding contradiction of the supply and demand in the sea,pasture and fossil energy land are the direct factors.Decreasing the demands of the ecological footprint of the sea,pasture and fossil energy land and increasing their carrying capability of ecology are the key to achieve the ecological sustainable development of Hainan.Arable land,sea and forest are the advantaged natural resources in Hainan.There are the obvious ecological advantages in Hainan.The efficiency of resource usage in Hainan is still low based on the underdeveloped economy.Developing the ecological province and embarking on the road of the coordination of the economy and environment and sustainable development are correct choices for Hainan.
【Fund】: 国家科技部软科学课题:“海南可持续发展水资源战略研究”(编号:2003DGQ3D129)
【CateGory Index】: F224
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