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Analysis and comparison of current measures for carbon dioxide emission mitigation

JIANG Li-li (Shanghai Foreign Language School,Shanghai 200083,China)  
A comprehensive analysis of the major measures taken to reduce carbon dioxide emission at home and abroad was carried out in this paper.Those measures fall into following three categories:(1)global operations such as establishing international climate change protocols and founding transnational carbon trading systems;(2)market means inclusive of levying tax on carbon emission and setting up inter-enterprise carbon trading system;(3)non-market means such as emission reduction by forests,CO_2 storage underground,developing cyclic economy,and advancing alternative energy technologies.By evaluating the effectiveness,feasibility,and pros and cons of these measures,this paper develops a forward-looking perspective of global carbon dioxide mitigation strategies by recommending an integration of international and domestic actions,along with an optimal combination of market and non-market policies.Appropriately adopting and implementing the portfolios of carbon dioxide reduction may gradually contribute to the transformation to a sustainable low-carbon economic pattern on a domestic and later,a global scale.
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