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《Agricultural Outlook》 2013-01
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Analysis on Global and Domestic Development of Maize in 2012 and Perspective in 2013

Yang Jun 1 ,Qiu Huanguang 1 ,Cao Zhi 2 ,Zhang Shihuang 3 ( 1. Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101; 2. China National Grain and Oils Information Center,Beijing 100038; 3. Institute of Crop Sciences,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Beijing 100081)  
China' s maize production rose remarkably by 7. 95% in 2012 to a new historical record; meanwhile,domestic demand of maize increased steadily and the situation of demand and supply improved significantly. While the import of maize grew tremendously to a level more than 5 million tons,it was mainly due to the adjustment of storage. Global maize production dropped slightly in 2012,mostly because severe drought happened in USA during June to July,which led to the production in USA much lower than the expected level; the reduction of U. S. maize made the global price of maize soar in June-July. The global price of maize in 2013 is expected to fall because of the much improved situation of global maize supply and demand,however,the domestic maize price would keep the rising trace slightly. Based on our analysis,it was proposed that China should further increase RD investment and improve the infrastructure to enhance the productivity of maize; moreover,the effective methods of adopting new varieties and innovation of cultivation should be promoted to reduce the maize production costs. We also should pay attention to the challenges and price risks induced by the adoption of new maize varieties in other countries,changes of trade policy and rising maize production.
【Fund】: 国家玉米产业技术体系(nycytx-02);; 中国科学院重点部署项目“周边国家及全球资源环境科学数据库建设与决策支持研究”(KZZD-EW-08-04)
【CateGory Index】: F326.11
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