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《Foreign Language Research》 2014-01
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“Be”and“有”: A Contrastive Analysis of the Basic Existential Verbs in English and Chinese from the Perspective of Ontology

He Qing-qiang;Wang Wen-bin;Ningbo University;  
From the perspective of ontology this article probes into the differences between the existential verbs "be"in English and"有"( have) in Chinese,and presents the ontological rationale for the selection of"be"to be the basic existential verb in English and"有"in Chinese. It also looks into the verbal discrepancies respectively demonstrated by the two verbs in the two languages,with a view to making it clear that"be"has the trait of temporality while"有"has the trait of spatiality. The deep-seated reason for this can be accounted for by the divergent interpretation of"being"and"time"expressed in Western and Chinese philosophies.
【Fund】: 国家社科基金项目“英语的时间性特质与汉语的空间性特质研究”(11BYY018)的阶段性成果
【CateGory Index】: H314;H146
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