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《Periodical of Ocean University of China》 2015-08
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An Answer to the Queries on Artificial Intelligence

FENG Tian-Jin;YANG Ning;MA Lin-Tao;Information Engineering Center,Ocean University of China;  
Aiming at the debate that surrounds the question,"Can machines think",and the queries on artificial intelligence(AI),this paper clarifies that the essence of simulation and AI(i.e.simulation intelligence)should be pursuing assimilation(similar-taxis)as well as keeping dissimilation to a prototype(natural intelligence).Both commonness and obvious otherness(individuality)must exist between them.This is a‘Both/And'thinking mode and not a simplified exclusive‘Either/Or'thinking.Based on four definitions and five hypotheses,some corollaries are educed logically to clarify the relation between machine intelligence and human mind and to answer the queries on AI.This paper points out that the‘Either/Or'thinking,such as‘either true intelligence or false'or‘either whole mind or nothing',resulted in some cognitive mistakes on AI and the mysticlsm had most deleterious consequences among the scientific research of intelligence and consciousness.This paper hopes to end some needless arguments and confusions in the fields of AI with the cognitive science benefit.
【CateGory Index】: TP18
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