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《CLIMATIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH》 1996-01
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Water Balance in Land-Atmospheric System over the East Asian Monsoon Region

Yi Lan(National Climate Center, Beijing 100081)Tao Shiyan(Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080)  
In this paper,a water balance method is used to estimate evapotranspiration,soil and subsurface water storage change, by using ECMWF daily data and China runoff monthly data from 1980~1989. Results show that precipitation over China main land area reaches its maximum in July,while evaporation maximum lags one month. South and North river basins in China have different characteristics in water balance regime. In South river basin areas,precipitation is always larger than evaporation, soil and subsurface water storage begins to decrease in later summer or early autumn. In North river basin areas,evaporation is sometimes larger than precipitation, and its peak value arises in the same month with that of precipitation,and soil and subsurface water storage falls just after early summer.In Northeast river basin areas, the water balance features are somewhat between those in above North and South areas. The diurnal change of the horizontal water vapor flux divergence may produce about half of the total error in calculating evaporation and relative land water storage.
【CateGory Index】: P463.24
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