INVESTIGATION OF LAGGED CORRELATION BETWEEN THE TEMPERATURE OF CHINA AND THE GLOBAL OUTGOING LONGWAVE RADIATION IN 1974-1985
Tao Zuyu Zhu Yuanjing Department of Geophysics,Peking University,BeijingTomas Ting Imperial College of Science and Technology,London,SW7 2AE,U.K.
1-12 month lagged correlations between winter temperatures at 22 stations in China and the global dis- tribution of the Outgoing Longwave Radiation(OLR)are investigated.The basic results are:(1)The monthly averaged temperatures of Dec.,Jan.and Feb.of China are correlated to the global distribution of OLR of Oct.,Nov.and Dec.,respectively.It is consistent with the response period(about 50 days)of 500 hPa geopotential height field in extratropical latitudes to the thermal forcing in tropical latitudes,and also consis- tent with the Walker cell of a 40-60 day oscillation.(2)There is a significant positive correlation between the winter temperature of the most part of China and the OLR in the Gulf of Mexico.It shows that when the thermal forcing of the Gulf of Mexico is stronger,the excited barotropic instability of westerlies in northern Atlantic could influence the East Asian circulation and cause the temperature of China to be below normal. (3)The temperature around the Tibetan(Xizang)Plateau is negatively correlated to the OLR in western equa- torial Pacific,showing that when the Walker cell is stronger,the local Hadley cell in Southeast Asia is stronger and it causes the temperature around the Tibetan Plateau to be higher than normal.