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《Reform》 2013-01
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The Equalization of the Regional Basic Public Services and Measure on Financial System: an Analysis Framework

Tian Fa Zhou Chenying  
In accordance with the analysis framework of regional public services equalization — regional resource allocation equalization — equalization transfer,the paper makes an evaluation the effects of fiscal system to regional basic public service.It shows that the equalization degrees on the elementary education and health care have been greatly enhanced while those of social security and infrastructure are unsatisfactory.As for the effects of regional fiscal resource distributions,the regional difference in fiscal resources resulted from primary transfer payment tends to converge while that from redistributions is inclined to widen,mainly due to the difference within the Eastern China and Western China respectively.Thus,the paper concludes that transfer payment raise the gross equalization degree of regional fiscal resources without keeping in check the internal fiscal difference of the East and West.To achieve the fiscal system changes of the equalization of regional basic public service,we should focus on three aspects including the responsibilities division of the regional basic public service expenditure,regional financial equilibrium assignment and the improvement of the equalization.
【Fund】: 国家社会科学基金项目“区域基本公共服务均等化的财政体制效应研究”(批准号:12CGL108)
【CateGory Index】: F812.2;F124
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