The Development Mode of the Five Central Asian Countries on the Background of the Silk Road Economic Belt
Gang Cuicui;Ren Baoping;
There are some similarities and differences of the five Central Asian countries at the growth pattern on the Silk Road as follows: Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan received a Western full privatization reforms in accordance with the"Washington Consensus", which belong to the free market development model of industrialization; while Uzbekistan,Tajikistan, Turkmenistan also refer to the "Washington consensus", but they are more conservative in reform, which therefore belong to the industrial development model under government guidance. As the main engines of the growth are different, the effects of these two models are different. Kazakhstan has successfully embarked on a road of industrialization, while the other four Central Asian countries are still on its early stage of development. Therefore,the Central Asian countries urgently need to rely on the Silk Road with regional economic cooperation to solve the long-term economic growth problems which are lack of growth power.