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《Journal of Synthetic Crystals》 2014-01
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Mannitol-assisted Hydrothermal Synthesis and Photocatalytic Performance of BiPO_4

XING Xin-yan;DING Hui-fang;FAN Guang-yan;XI Guo-xi;ZHU Gui-fen;School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering,Henan Normal University;School of Environment,Henan Normal University;  
BiPO4photocatalysts were prepared by mannitol-assisted hydrothermal method and the photocatalytic acitivities for degradating rhodamine B were investigated. The BiPO4products were characterized by XRD,SEM,FTIR and UV-vis DRS and N2adsorption techniques. The results show that the addition of mannitol doesn't change the crystal structure of the product. But Prismatic BiPO4changes into polyhedral BiPO4when hydrothermal reaction takes place at 170 ℃ for 24 h. Moreover,the size of polyhedron decreased with an increase in the addition amount of mannitol. A further increase might result in the hierarchical structure. Lower hydrothermal temperature or shorter time makes for hexagonal phase BiPO4in rod-like shape with protuberances on its cross sections. Higher temperature or longer time makes for monoclinic phase. Nevertheless,the crystallinity degrees are both high. Monoclinic product formation experiences a hexagonal phase transition. There is no mannitol molecule but crystal water in products. The monoclinic BiPO4obtained at 170 ℃ with mannitol assistance shows the highest photocatalytic activity,which is superior to that of the BiPO4obtained without mannitol assistance. The hexagonal one obtained at 110 ℃ shows the lowest activity. Light response range may be the reason for the different photocatalytic activity.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(51174083);; 教育部高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金(20114104110004);; 河南省基础与前沿技术研究(122300410283);; 河南省重点科技攻关项目(132102210436);; 河南省教育厅自然科学研究计划项目(2011B150018)
【CateGory Index】: O643.36
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