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"Western Elements" in the Chinese Paleolithic as Viewed in a Framework of Early Human Cultural Evolution

HUANG Wei-wen1,HOU Ya-mei1,GAO Li-hong2,3(1.Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100044;2.Beijing Museum of Natural History,Beijing 100050;3.Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039)  
This paper reviews the arguments for the existence of "western elements"(or marked techniques and tools in western Paleolithic)in the Chinese Paleolithic.Two conclusions were reached in this paper:1)The Chinese Paleolithic "western elements" are an objective phenomena that show similar developmental steps and basic characters found in both the East and West;2)The Chinese Paleolithic "western elements" show characters of overlap and diachronic patterning as is found in the West.Based on the above conclusions,the authors view the known Paleolithic cultures from Europe,Asia and Africa as the result of bi-directional movements of migration,diffusion,exchange and a blend of early human cultures between West and East as early as two million years ago,which occurred as a response to global environmental changes.
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