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《Yellow River》 2012-01
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Water Resources Management in Japan and Its Utilization Strategies

ZHANG Bao-xiang(Water Resources Research Institute of Shandong Province,Jinan 250013,China)  
In Japan,measures concerning water resources management are implemented by a number of government ministries and organizations in cooperation based on the relevant legislative provisions.The most important feature of water resources management system in Japan is that water utilization is separated from water resources management departments.The Ministry of Land,Infrastructure,Transport and Tourism(MLIT) takes charges for making water resources development and management policy,water supply and demand plan,development measures in reservoir area and acts as the overall coordinator with related ministries and agencies as well as bureaus and departments.The Health Ministry is responsible for domestic water supply.The Ministry of Agriculture,Forestry and Fisheries is responsible for agricultural water supply;The Ministry of Economy,Trade and Industry is responsible for industrial water supply and hydroelectric power generation.The Ministry of Environment is responsible for water quality and environmental protection.The water problems in Japan are water shortage,unstable water supply and insecurity in drinking water supply.The countermeasures include the promotion of sound water cycle,greywater reuse,and effective use of existing water facilities,revival and fostering of water-related cultural,the virtual water strategy and so on.In the future,Japan will be more concerned about climate change,global warming and so on.
【Fund】: 科技部国际科技合作与交流计划项目(2007DFB70200);; 水利部公益性行业科研专项(201201114)
【CateGory Index】: TV213.4
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