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《Frontiers》 2015-01
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Institutional Changes in the Ecological Environment Management——Brief Introduction to the Evolution of the Environmental Policies of the Nordic Countries

Zhou Ke;Lin Xiaoxiao;  
The Nordic countries lead the whole world in terms of their environmental policy. In the 1970 s, they began to deal with the environmental problems in a systematic manner. Thereafter, the environmental policy in their region has roughly undergone four development stages: the period of command-and-control policy, the period of extensive development of market-based policy, the period of the rise of climate change governance, and the period of the new type of market-based policy measures. In the Nordic countries, the economic growth, social progress and environmental improvement are closely associated with various marketbased environmental policies. They have successfully shifted away from end-of-pipe treatment toward green social development, and this development experience has a good demonstration effect to other countries. As the command-and-control policy cannot adapt to China's increasingly serious environmental issues, China can draw on the Nordic market-based policy which places no upper limits on the encouraged activities to protect the environment.
【CateGory Index】: X321
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