Analysis of Marx's "Self" Thought from the Perspective of Modernity
Modernity is the reflection and induction of the characteristics of the "modern" period, and "the soul of modernity" is composed of the pure "self" concept as a kind of highest reality. This concept contains contradictions. On the one hand, it is people's commitment to and confidence in the independence and freedom of individuals in modern conditions. On the other hand, it is the loss and alienation of individual value, autonomy and freedom in the history of modern society. Marx solved this problem by reversing the confrontational "subject-object" mode of "self" research during the Enlightenment Period, investigating the capitalist productive forces and production relations, and relying on the action and association of relational "self' to explore the path for "people's self-fulfillment in practice". It is of great significance to analyze the construction and development of Marx's "self" thought from the perspective of modernity, understand the contemporary Marxism and draw a blueprint of Marxism in the future.