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Lenin's Attitude and Logic Concerning the Constituent Assembly in the Revolutionary Period

Fu Qiang;  
Lenin's attitude towards the Constituent Assembly stems from his definition of the nature of revolution. After the February Revolution, the new phase of the revolution, which was then between the democratic revolution and the socialist revolution and was transitioning to a socialist revolution, determined Lenin's support of the Constituent Assembly on the basis of the Soviet guarantee. After the October Revolution, the overriding interests of the socialist revolution in turn caused Lenin to dissolve the dissenting Constitutional Assembly. On the one hand, the dictatorship of the proletariat has expanded democracy; and on the other hand, it has been an indispensable tool of violence for moving toward genuine democracy. It is in the interest of the socialist revolution to dissolve the Constituent Assembly through the violent acts of the proletarian dictatorship. However, the applicable stage of the dictatorship of the proletariat can only be the political transitional period.
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