A SIMULATION STUDY OF THE INFLUENCE OF LAND FRICTION ON LANDFALL TROPICAL CYCLONE TRACK AND INTENSITY
YUAN Jin-nan, HUANG Yan-yan, LIU Chun-xia, WAN Qi-lin (Guangzhou Institute of Tropical and Marine Meteorology, CMA, Guangzhou 510080 China)
A quasi-geostrophic barotropic vorticity equation model is used to simulate the influences of topographic forcing and land friction on landfall tropical cyclone track and intensity. The simulation results show that tropical cyclone track may have sudden deflection when the action of topographic friction dissipation is considered, and sudden deflection of the track is easy to happen and sudden change of tropical cyclone intensity is not clear when the intensity of tropical cyclone is weak and the land friction is strong. The land friction may be an important factor that causes sudden deflection of tropical cyclone track around landfall.