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《热带气象学报(英文版)》 2009-01
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YU Zhen-shou 1, CHEN Xuan-miao2, NI Dong-hong3, JI Chun-xiao 4, XIE Hai-hua 1 (1. Wenzhou Meteorological Bureau, Wenzhou 325027 China; 2. Yueqin Meteorological Bureau, Yueqin 325600 China; 3. Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster of Ministry of Education, NUIST, Nanjing 210044 China; 4. Zhejiang Institute of Meteorological Sciences, Hangzhou 310017 China)  
It is generally thought that the influence of comparable track typhoons is approximately similar, but in fact their wind and especially their rainstorm distribution are often very different. Therefore, a contrastive analysis of rainstorms by tropical cyclones (TCs) Haitang (0505) and Bilis (0604), which are of a similar track, is designed to help understand the mechanism of the TC rainstorm and to improve forecasting skills. The daily rainfall of TC Haitang (0505) and Bilis (0604) is diagnosed and compared. The result indicates that these two TCs have similar precipitation distribution before landfall but different precipitation characteristics after landfall. Using NCEP/GFS analysis data, the synoptic situation is analyzed; water vapor transportation is discussed regarding the calculated water vapor flux and divergence. The results show that the heavy rainfall in the Zhejiang and Fujian Provinces associated with Haitang (0505) and Bilis (0604) before landfall results from a peripheral easterly wind, a combination of the tropical cyclone and the terrain. After landfall and moving far inland of the storm, the precipitation of Haitang is caused by water vapor convergence carried by its own circulation; it is much weaker than that in the coastal area. One of the important contributing factors to heavy rainstorms in southeast Zhejiang is a southeast jet stream, which is maintained over the southeast coast. In contrast, the South China Sea monsoon circulation transports large amounts of water vapor into Bilis – when a water-vapor transport belt south of the tropical cyclone significantly strengthens – which strengthens the transport. Then, it causes water vapor flux to converge on the south side of Bilis and diverge on the north side. Precipitation is much stronger on the south side than that on the north side. After Bilis travels far inland, the cold air guided by a north trough travels into the TC and remarkably enhances precipitation. In summary, combining vertical wind shear with water vapor transportation is a good way to predict rainstorms associated with landing tropical cyclones.
【Fund】: Plan Project of Wenzhou Science and Technology (S20080030);; Open Study Special Project of Meteorological Science and Technology of Zhejiang Province (KF2008004);; Cultivation Fund of the Key Scientific and Technical Innovation Project Ministry of Education of China (708051);; Natural Science Foundation of China (40875068)
【CateGory Index】: P444
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