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《热带气象学报(英文版)》 2009-02
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A DYNAMICAL INTERPRETATION OF THE WIND FIELD IN TROPICAL CYCLONES

HAO Shi-feng 1, CUI Xiao-peng 2, PAN Jin-song1, ZHOU Guan-bo 2, HU Bo 1(1. Zhejiang Meteorological Observatory, Hangzhou 310017 China; 2. LACS, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029 China)  
Based on the primitive equations in polar coordinates and with the supposition that parcel velocity in tropical cyclones is in linear variation and that the distribution of surface pressure agrees with the Fujita formula, a set of equations are derived, which describe the impact of perturbations of central pressure, position of tropical cyclones, direction and velocity of movement of tropical cyclones on the wind field. It is proved that the second order approximation of the kinetic energy of tropical cyclones can be described by the equations under linear approximation. Typhoon Wipha (2007) is selected to verify the above interpretation method, and the results show that the interpretation method of the wind field could give very good results before the landfall of tropical cyclones, while making no apparent improvement after the landfall. The dynamical interpretation method in this paper is applicable to improving the forecasts of the wind field of tropical cyclones close to the coast.
【Fund】: National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program) (2009CB421505);; Major Projects for Science and Technology Development of Zhejiang Province (2007C13G1610002);; Natural Science Foundation Project of Zhejiang Province(Y505286)
【CateGory Index】: P444
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