A STUDY ON TYPHOON MOVEMENT PART Ⅰ:THE EFFECT OF DIABATIC HEATING AND HORIZONTAL TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION
He Haiyan(Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou, 510275)
A basic equation governing the movement of a typhoon has been derived based on the system of primitive equations of motion in the atmosphere. The role of several forcing factors which cause the deviation of the typhoon from the steering current have been discussed based on the governing equation. What is presented in Part Ⅰ is a theoretical analysis on the effects of diabatic heating and the horizontal temperature distribution. It is shown that the accelerations of a typhoon caused by diabatic heating and temperature advection coincide with the direction of the volume-averaged "diabatic steering velocity" QV and the. steering velocity of temperature advection i' ATV (V is the air velocity,Q the diabatic heating rate and AT the temperature advection ), respectively. The precipitation (or condensation heating) on the right (left) side of a typhoon will accelerate (decelerate) the typhoon. The precipitation in the front (rear ) of the typhoon will turn it to the left (right) of its ordainal path. A typhoon will speed up (slow down) when it moves towards a region of cold (warm) air.