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《Northwestern Journal of Ethnology》 2013-01
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The Origin of Locha and Oros in Manchu Language

Shi Yan  
"Locha", also known as "lokcha", "lochan", "lucha", and "luchan" in Manchu language, can be translated into "raksha" while "oros" and "oroso" mean "Russia" in Chinese. "Locha" and "oros" are all words to address Russia and Russian. As a kind of folk term, "locha" is borrowed from Chinese and often appeared in official historic materials and local references in early Qing Dynasty. The word"oros", derived from Mongolian language, had been recorded in official historic materials from early times that it was used to refer to a sovereign State in Manchu language.
【Fund】: 黑龙江省社科重大委托项目;; 香港意得集团有限公司资助项目“满族文化抢救开发研究”项目之“濒危满语抢救调查研究”的成果
【CateGory Index】: H221
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