The Anatomical Investigation of the Deep Femoral Artery and its Clinical Significance
Ding Jia-Ming 1, She Yong-Hua 1, Zhang Shao-Yu 2, Chen Zhen 2, Wang Xiao-Fang 2, Wang Li Xiao 2 (1 Department of anatomy, North Sichuan Medical College; 2 Students of North Sichuan Medical College)
Objective To provide anatomical data for anatomy and clinical application.Method The origin, the branches, the origin diameter, the adjacent relations and the distance of the deep femoral artery from the inguinal ligament were dissected and measured in 32 adults Chinese cadaver (men 27, women 5) , 64 sides.ResultThe diameter and distance of the deep femoral artery from the inguinal ligament are 62±0.2 mm and 451±1.32mm, respectively. The diameter of the medial and lateral femoral circumflex artery are 33±0.09mm and 48±0.13mm,respectively. The descending branch of the deep femoral artery arises from directly the femoral artery above the deep femoral artery origin (12.9%), and inferior (29%). The medial and lateral femoral circumflex artery arising from the deep femoral artery are 90.32% and 85.1%, respectively. In the middle part of femoral triangle, are the saphenous nerve and the femoral artery, from the front backward one by one, the femoral vein, the deep femoral vein and the deep femoral artery, occupying 56.45%. The relation from medial to lateral is varying in location more.Conclusion The branches of the deep femoral artery usually are the lateral and medial femoral circumflex arteries; the former is divided into ascending, transverse and descending branches;The latter arises from the femoral artery more, occupying 41.9% totally. The deep femoral artery position is the most deep and depend most the outside side, is afferent with a department close and close together. The surgical operation and the wound can result in much hair blood vessel harm.