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A Study on the Habit of the Directive Distribution of Garbon Assimilates from the Leaves on Different Internodes of Apple Trees

Huang Zhen Zhang Lianzhong Su Huarui  
The experiment was carried out with 3-4 years old pot-cultured apple trees and 16-17 years old apple trees in the orchard(cv. Golden Delicious, Ralls and Well-spur). The leaves on different internodes were fed with ~(14)CO_2 at five stages. The movement and the distributive direction of the marked carbon assimilates were tested. The results indicate:1, The transitional leaves, mature large leaves, young leaves and leaves on the autumn shoots take main effects at different stages and distribute the carbon assimilates to different parts of the tree. 2, Leaves on thc long twigs supply the carbon assimilates to the whole tree. The angle where the long twig grows out of the main branch is an important factor influencing the distribution. 3, The carbon assimilates in the top elongating twigs of the crown moved primarily to the root system with the "long range" characteristic. The large leaves, young leaves on the top loug twigs and the leaves on the autumn shoots function as the "multiple sources" of carbon nutrients for the root,
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