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《Journal of Shandong Agricultural University》 1993-01
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RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STARCH ACCUMULATION AND GRAIN WEIGHT DURING GRAIN DEVELOPMENT OF SUMMER MAIZE

Gao Rongqi, Dong Shuting, Hu Changhao (Dept. of Agronomy, Shandong Agri. Univ., Taian, China 271018) Wang Qunying (Dept. of Basic Courses, Shandong Agri. Univ., Taian,China 271018)  
Microanatomical and histochemical observation upon distribution and fluctuation of starch during grain development of summer maize (Zea mays L.) has revealed that (i) during the period from embryo sac maturing to early proembryo developing, a lot of tiny starch grains exist in the ovary stalk, ovary wall, egg cell, synergids, central cell, zygote, early proembryo and free nuclear endosperm, which are continually accumulated and comsumpted, serving a temporary form for starage of carbohydrates and providing nutrients to forming of organs; (ii) during the differentiation period of embryo organs, starch grains begin to occur in the embryo and endosperm, with developing of kernels, the quantity and bulk of starch grain are increased until kernel maturing; and (iii) the starch grains are the permanent store form of carbohydrates, and the sequence and degree of accumulating are closly correlated with kerne yield and quality.
【CateGory Index】: S513
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