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About The Idea of Center Worship from Erecting Banner in Inscriptions on Bones or Tortoise Shells to YI Commentaries

LIU Qing (Department of Chinese, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433)  
In YinShang, people had a custom called ‘erecting the banner’. The place where a banner was built was the center. People came from everywhere, and the idea of center worship engendered. In inscriptions on bones or tortoise shells, the banner was both a sign of clan society and a kind of instrument of wind survey. As a sign of clan society, the banner had something to do with power, legal system and ethics. As a kind of instrument of wind survey, the banner also had something to do with measurement. The development of center worship before Qin had never been divorced from the two aspects. The idea of center worship had had its foundation in Zhou Yi ancient book. By further elaboration of Ru and Dao, it became mature in YI commentaries. In fact, the idea of center worshi in YI commentaries was an allround system that had the cream of Ru and Dao at the same time.
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