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《Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology》 1993-01
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Preliminary Study on Species Selection for Afforesting Mixed China Fir Stand in Sichuan Province

Lin Yuanju (Da' an Forest Farm,Xuyong County) Zhao Benhu Zhang Xiaoping (Sichuan Research Institute of Forestry)  
The nutrient consumption of pure China fir (Cunninghamia lanceoluta) stand is very high and its nutrient recycle is very poor, thus causing rapid reduction of soil fertility. The establishment of the second and third generations of afforested China fir is not satisfactory,and in some cases,the artificially planted pure China fir can not form closed canopy. In this work, Alnus cremastogyne, Metasepuoia glyptostrubuides, Rhits uerniciflua, Cornus controuersa, Cinnamomum campliara,Cryptomeria fortunei and Sassafras tsumu which have strong nutrient recycling ability and environmental adaptability, are choosen to afforest mixed forest stand with China fir. The results show: 1. The litterfall of mixed stand increases; 2. The soil fertility of mixed stand is obviously improved. The contents of organic matter,soluble nitrogen, available phosphorus and available potassium of mixed stand are 0. 26% -3. 92%, 18. 11-36. 49 mg/100 g, 1. 46-2. 59 ppm,0. 38-0. 60 mg/100 g more than those in pure China fir stand,respectively. For 6 years old stand, the stocking of mixed stand is 23. 3- 117. 4% higher than that of pure stand. Therefore, the above -mentioned 7 species can be used as mixed components of China fir afforestation.
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