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Where Would the Cropland Property Rights System Go in China?

SHAO Chuan - lin,WANG Ying - ying,PEI zhi - wei (Lanzhou Commercial College,Lanzhou 730020,China)  
A suitable cropland property rights system can not only promote the optimal allocation of cropland resource,but also provide an institutional guarantee for solving the three agricultural problems in china.This paper sorts out the relevant literature on different ideas on cropland institutional reform in China,sums up three main ideas on the innovational direction which are cropland nationalization,cropland privatization and improving of the household contract responsibility system.Based on comments on different arguments,the paper points out that, cropland nationalization or cropland privatization is not feasible,China should continue adhering to the cropland contractual institution,control the property rights,stabilize contract rights,and liberalize management rights.It's also important to strengthen the enforcement of relevant laws,build cropland circulation intermediary organizations, protect the role of villages committees,and reform relevant supporting institution.
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